Ludwig Mond, Memorial
Ludwig Mond (1839-1909) was born in Cassel, Germany. In 1859, while working at a small soda works, he patented a method for the recovery of the sulfur otherwise wasted in the process. Mond went to England where he tried to sell his patent. His process was not economical under British conditions, however, and he left for Holland. In 1867 Mond returned to England where he met Ernest Solvay (1838-1922), a Belgian chemist who had devised a process for making soda based on the use of ammonia. Mond put this process into operation when he joined Sir John Brunner (1842-1919) in founding the firm of Brunner, Mond and Company in 1873. In 1884 he developed a new process for the recovery of nickel and formed the Mond Nickel Company, which is still in operation. He was a noted art collector and most of his paintings were donated to the National Gallery in London. Of his two sons, the elder, Sir Robert Ludwig Mond (1867-1938), a scientist in his own right, was also a notable archaeologist, associated with the discovery of the Elephantine papyri, and treasurer of the Palestine Exploration Fund. He was vice president of the Friends of the Hebrew University and leader of the British Empire's anti-Nazi boycott.
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