Philip Dormer Stanhope, Fourth Earl of Chesterfield,
Philip Dormer Stanhope, Fourth Earl of Chesterfield, (1694- 1773).Statesman, wit and letter-writer.Elected an M. P. whilst still a minor in 1715, he was one of the most brilliant characters of his time. In 1745 he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and the following year Secretary of State. By 1743 he was the acknowledge leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords.However in 1748, at his own behest, he retired from public office devoting his attention to literary matters. He provided his patronage to Dr Johnson's planned dictionary although Johnson himself subsequently made it clear that he felt let down by his lack of making good on the promise.
He kept up an almost daily correspondence with his natural son from 1737 and assisted in the reformation of the calendar in 1751.
Ex Tim Clifford Collection.
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