Ledbury, Eastnor Castle, Rosewood Veneeer Transfer Print Box,
Eastnor Castle is a 19th-century mock or revival castle, It was founded by John Cocks, 1st Earl Somers as his stately home.
The estate was established in the late 16th century when the Cocks family purchased land in the area. Subsequent marriages into the Somers and Nash families helped provide the wealth necessary to build the present imposing building, designed to look like one of the medieval castles guarding the Welsh borders.
The castle was built to the designs of Robert Smirke in 1812-20. A.W.N. Pugin made some internal alterations - including the decoration of the Gothic Drawing Room - in 1849-50, and George E Fox made more changes in the 1860s. It is constructed of ashlar stonework, with a lead and slate roof concealed behind an embattled parapet. Cast-iron was used for the roof trusses and floor beams. It was constructed at a cost of £85,000, the equivalent of approximately £26 to £28 million at 2007 prices.
The castle was criticised by Charles Locke Eastlake later in the 19th century:
It is a massive and gloomy-looking building, flanked by watch-towers, and enclosing a keep. To preserve the character at which it aimed, the windows were made exceedingly small and narrow. This must have resulted in much inconvenience within...The building in question might have made a tolerable fort before the invention of gunpowder, but as a residence it was a picturesque mistake.
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