Freehold Land Societies,
Freehold Land Societies played an important part in the urban development of 19th century England. They differed from Building Societies in that they were not dealing with negotiations for single properties, but with the development of estates. In some cases there was a political element to the society in the provision of homes for the working man. The idea was very much one developed by Liberals in the early years but developed by the Conservatives, recognising potential changed allegiances. Each plot was valued at 40 /-, hence the "40 Shilling Landowner." In encouraging the population to acquire their own homes, this also made them eligible to vote. There was also the better ordered environment for the professional and business classes in the planned estate, which led to the "garden city" and "garden suburb" of the early 20th century.
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