Portugal and Brasil, A Pair of Portraits of Don Pedro 1 and Dom Miguel 1
Dom Pedro I (1798- 1834), nicknamed "the Liberator", was the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil. As King Dom Pedro IV, he reigned briefly over Portugal, where he also became known as "the Liberator" as well as "the Soldier King".., Pedro I was the fourth child of King Dom John V1 and Queen Carlota Joaquina, and thus a member of the House of Braganza.. When the country was invaded by French troops in 1807, he and his family fled to Portugal's largest and wealthiest colony, Brazil.
Dom Miguel I (1802 -1866), nicknamed "the Absolutist" "the Traditionalist" and "the Usurper" was the King of Portugal between 1828 and 1834, the seventh child and third son of John V1 and his queen,
Following his exile as a result of his actions in support of absolutism in the April Revolt (Abrilada), Miguel returned to Portugal as regent . As regent, he claimed the Portuguese throne in his own right, since according to the so-called Fundamental Laws of the Kingdom his older brother Peter 1V and therefore the latter's daughter had lost their rights from the moment that Pedro had made war on Portugal and become the sovereign of a foreign state (Brazilian Empire}. This led to a difficult political situation, during which many people were killed, imprisoned, persecuted or sent into exile, and which culminated in the Portuguese Liberal Wars between authoritarian absolutists and progressive constitutionalists. In the end Miguel was forced from the throne and lived the last 32 years of his life in exile.
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